Roth Cornets

The Roth cornet was originally manufactured by the Ohio Band Instrument Company, a subsidiary of F.A. Reynolds Co. operated by Foster Reynolds, Harper Reynolds and Max Scherl of Scherl & Roth. I have collected advertisements for Roth instruments from as early as 1940; the earliest Roth cornet I’ve noted is SN 22877 (~1941).

1936-c.1950

Models produced through c.1949 feature a traditional “Shepherd’s crook” cornet design, where the bell stem tubing is well rounded coming out of the first valve. Circa 1949-50, the bell stem design changed to straight trumpet-style tubing.

The Roth “Tone Tempered” model with nickel-silver bell flare was introduced in the mid-to-late 1940s, but was soon thereafter designated as the new Emperor model cornet when that model line was launched c.1950.

Model Size Description Example
[A] Bore: TBD
Bell: TBD
Roth Cornet | Shepherd’s crook design | Body: brass bell and tubing; nickel-silver bracing | Valves: TBD | Finish: TBD

Note: This model has a different main tuning slide wrap style than the later examples below. Note the additional crook to enter from the front on the left side of the third valve, whereas the later horns have a valve entry point on the right side.

Model TBD [SN 28976]. Photos used with permission from eBay Member: ker383.
310 Bore: .460″ (.458″?)
Bell: 4 5/8″
Roth Cornet | Shepherd’s crook design | Body: brass bell and tubing; nickel-silver bracing | Valves: nickel-plated bottom sprung valves | Finish: TBD Model TBD [SN 41419]. Photos used with permission from eBay Member: echopost.
410 Bore: TBD
Bell: TBD
Roth “Tone Tempered” Cornet | Shepherd’s crook design | Bell: brass bell with nickel-silver bell flare | Body: brass; nickel-silver bracing and valve-tuning slides | Valves: TBD | Finish: TBD Model TBD [SN 45093]. Photos used with permission from eBay Member: kunit1986.
1950-1952

Roth instruments were manufactured under the Ohio Band name until c.1950 when Scherl & Roth consolidated the Roth instrument line under the F.A. Reynolds label. Cornets made between 1950-52 are marked “Made by F. A. Reynolds”.

Model Size Description Example
310 Bore: TBD
Bell: 4¾”
Roth Cornet (Made by F.A. Reynolds) | Body: brass bell and tubing; nickel-silver bracing | Valves: TBD | Finish: TBD Model TBD [SN 58315]. Photos courtesy of eBay Member: gbsisters.
410 Bore: TBD
Bell: TBD
Roth Cornet (Made by F.A. Reynolds) | Same as above with nickel-silver bell flare
1952-1961

In c.1952, the F.A. Reynolds Co. began operating as “Roth-Reynolds” and cornets are marked as such.

Model Size Description Example
310 Bore: .458″
Bell: 4¾”
Roth Cornet (Made by Roth-Reynolds) | Body: brass bell and tubing; nickel-silver bracing | Valves: hand-lapped, nickel-silver pistons | Finish: clear lacquer; optional silverplate with bright bell or gold bell finish Model 310. Photos used with permission from G. Scott Hansen (ebay Member: nicenative).
410 Bore: TBD
Bell: TBD
Roth Cornet (Made by Roth-Reynolds) | Same as above with nickel-silver bell flare
Note: Based on the engraving style notes from the owner, the example photo at right appears to use a Reynolds serial number vs. Roth numbering; approx. 1952. Compare to “Tone Tempered” model, SN 45093 (above).
Model TBD [SN 328xx]. Photos used with permission from G. Scott Hansen (ebay Member: nicenative).
1961-1964
Model Size Description Example
CR-56 Bore: TBD
Bell: 4¾”
Roth Cornet (Made by RMC-Reynolds) | Same as Model 310 above
Note: Based on the RMC documentation and engraving style, this cornet appears to use a Reynolds serial number vs. Roth numbering; approx. 1961.
Model CR-56 [SN 63016]. Photos used with permission from Fred Cirksena (eBay Member: f*c).
Notes and Quotes

195x Roth-Reynolds catalog:

Roth Trumpets and Cornets – the greatest value in band instruments today! Designed to guarantee maximum quality at a minimum investment. Carefully made and modern in design, this model is ideal for student musicians. Hand-lapped, nickel silver pistons for years of service. Ease of blowing means young musicians will learn quickly, play proficiently and enoy their instrument. Durable brass with clear lacquer finish and complete with new design trunk style case and special fittings.

1958, 1959:

Roth is the cornet of quality most widely used in schools today. It embodies all of the fine workmanship of our craftsmen yet is extemely low priced. Special bore and taper designed for easy blowing so the student will learn quickly and thoroughly enjoy his instrument. Hand-lapped nickel silver pistons, durable construction, beautiful lacquer finish. Complete with Gladstone case and special fittings.